Dr. Christine Johnson | Faculty
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
National Laboratory Representative
Opportunities for MTV Students at PNNL
BLN Student Opportunities: https://www.bnl.gov/NNS/student-opportunities.php
TA1: Nuclear physics research at PNNL spans the spectrum of basic and applied science. Basic science topics are focused on basic neutrino properties and their implications for the origins of matter and structure in the universe. Applied nuclear physics supports a broad range of applications in nonproliferation, including:
- Measuring fission fragment atomic mass, A, and Z with high precision using a fission Time Projection Chamber and new analyses of the Bragg energy loss curves.
- Production of radiopure materials for ultra-sensitive radionuclide measurements in PNNL’s ultra-low-background facility.
- Quantitative radiography with X-rays and neutrons, developing advanced material discrimination methods and algorithms.
- Use of multi-modal data to estimate uranium enrichment of UF6 cylinders at standoff (> 1-m) and at speed (> 10 mph).
TA2: Efforts at PNNL related to Signals and Source Terms span the research landscape from optical spectroscopy to the study of biota for environmental monitoring to nuclear fuel cycle modeling (see CT1 below). PNNL is currently working on optical spectroscopic tools for pre- and post- detonation isotopic science, methods to characterize SNM from a standoff distance, remote detection using laser-based techniques, and environmental monitoring. Some of the current potential opportunities include:
- Isotopic analysis of actinides and light elements (H, D, T, Li, etc.): Develop optical spectroscopic tools (emission, absorption and fluorescence) for rapid and standoff isotopic analysis.
- Actinide gas-phase chemistry: Monitoring actinide (U, Pu, etc.) gas phase chemistry in high-temperature environment, emission and absorption spectroscopy of actinide fireballs, developing state of the art optical spectroscopic tools for explosion monitoring, generation physics of particulates in high explosion and nuclear explosion events.
TA3: The ability to measure the telltale radionuclide signatures from a nuclear explosion relies on a network of international monitoring sensors. PNNL is a leader in the development of the sensors and the methods and techniques used to analyze the data from them. We have opportunities related to this effort in the following areas:
- Stack monitoring from medical isotope production and nuclear reactors for radioxenon emissions.
- Investigations of the impact of Molten Salt Reactors and their emissions on the monitoring network.
- Development of more sensitive particulate and noble gas systems to detect radioactive isotopes.
CT1: In support of its broad spectrum of projects creating innovative technologies for the detection of nuclear and radiological materials, PNNL has developed and applied a range of mathematical models, numerical and analytical methods, and statistical techniques. Current opportunities at PNNL in this area include:
- Develop and demonstrate computational methodology to integrate multiple remote sensing technologies to support nuclear non-proliferation.
- Development of 1) computational models of a fuel cycle and 2) sensor observations of multiple characteristics from multiple sensors.
Skillset needs: Nuclear engineering, physics, reactor modeling, radiochemistry, radiation detection, atmospheric modeling, materials science, electrical engineering, inverse algorithms, data analytics, mechanical engineering, machine learning, gamma spectroscopy, X-ray and neutron radiography.
If interested in any of these opportunities, or to discuss potential collaborations in related areas, please contact: MTV@pnnl.gov